Global automakers have received subsidies and other benefits for localizing production by purchasing more Russian-made parts and expanding R&D activity in the country. But Russia has been unable to extend the agreements made before its 2012 admission to the World Trade Organization, as they would violate WTO rules.
The 50,000-unit-capacity plant in Vladivostok mainly will produce Mazda’s SkyActiv-G engines for export. Neither Mazda nor the government say whether output of Mazda6 and Mazda CX-5 models now built there will increase as part of the new investment.
Besides the U.K. and Germany, parts made by the Ford Sollers Russian joint venture will be exported to Ford’s Romanian plant, which produces B-Max compact vans and plans to begin building EcoSport compact CUVs about a year from now.
The Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade says the bulk of the subsidies will be allocated to manufacturers with the most sales, with a significant amount provided to automakers with the highest levels of localization.
GM reportedly plans to resume sales of its entire Chevrolet range in Russia (Aveo, Captiva, Cruze and Lacetti) that virtually ended when the automaker shut down its plant in St. Petersburg last year. The automaker disputes the news.
GM-AvtoVAZ displayed a new Niva concept at the 2014 Moscow auto show. But Russia’s financial crisis, marked by the ruble’s falling value and the effects of Western economic sanctions, prompted the JV to indefinitely suspend the project.
In 2004, SUVs and CUVs accounted for only 12% of the Russian market, but their share has more than tripled since then to 38%. Analysts predict the segment’s share soon will reach 40% and not fall below that mark for the next five years.
Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov says some global automakers may follow General Motors and Ssangyong and abandon Russia after their agreements to assemble vehicles in the country expire in 2017-2018.
Russian automakers are expected to benefit most from the new prioritization of state subsidies, as will global companies that recently have signed agreements committing to higher levels of localized assembly and production capacity.
A GM Uzbekistan executive says the JV will pay particular attention to manufacturing SUVs and large urban sedans, but it also is devoting resources to producing a new version of the Chevrolet Aveo compact.
Sources say CEO Bo Andersson fell out of favor with Sergey Chemezov, whose company controls one-third of the automaker, because he favored foreign parts makers over local producers with suspected links to organized crime.
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