BMW, Mercedes and Audi all achieved 45 mpg in 2014, while Peugeot and Renault improved to 53.5 mpg and 52 mpg, respectively. BMW showed the biggest improvement over 2004, 34%, followed by Mercedes (32%) and Peugeot (28%).
“China will adopt some of the world’s most stringent regulations in terms of fuel economy,” Honda automotive R&D chief Keiji Ohtsu says. “In 2025, we don’t expect to be able to sell conventional internal-combustion engines, meaning we will be selling mostly hybrids including plug-in types.”
Production will be divided evenly between Li-ion and the NiMH batteries Toyota has used nearly exclusively until now. Sales of cars with the two battery types will be further split 50-50 in North America and Japan.
The auto industry will need to substantially increase the market share for advanced-technology vehicles in Japan, if it hopes to achieve future carbon-dioxide emissions targets, Honda’s Fumihiko Ike says.
The Tokyo show has become less significant than those in Frankfurt, Geneva, Detroit and Los Angeles. Still, as the home market for Toyota, Nissan and Honda, it affords them a chance to bedazzle with their latest technologies.
Still ranking as the world’s leaders, Japanese and Korean brands registered a 10% year-on-year decline in hybrid sales between January and June to an estimated 805,000 units. Hybrid production in Japan alone declined 29% to 550,181 units.