Volkswagen AG becomes the first automobile manufacturer to bring titanium suspension springs to a production vehicle. The rear suspension of the 2001 Volkswagen Lupo FSI is fitted with titanium coil springs. Titanium Metals Corp. (TIMET) produces then ships the titanium alloy to Muhr and Bender (Attendorn, Germany), where the springs are manufactured. TIMET says the springs offer an improved strength-to-weight ratio over conventional steel springs. There is a 180-lb. (81-kg.) total weight ...

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