Volkswagen of America Inc. will pay $1.1 million for violating the U.S. Clean Air Act. The civil penalty, the largest ever assessed, resulted from VW's failure to promptly notify and correct a defective oxygen sensor in more than 326,000 '99, '00 and '01 Golfs, Jettas and New Beetles. VW completed a voluntary recall of the affected vehicles at a cost of more than $26 million. The defect may release thousands of tons of harmful pollutants, including nonmethane hydrocarbons and carbon ...

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