KARIYA, Japan – Although the U.S. remains the undisputed leader in 4-wheel-drive (4WD) and all-wheel-drive (AWD) vehicle sales, Japan has moved to the forefront of the technology. Case in point: Toyoda Machine Works and its electronically controlled coupling. The company's "intelligent torque controlled coupling," or ITCC, went into production in 1998. To date, the device has been adopted for AWD versions of Toyota Motor Corp.'s Estima, Gaia, Ipsum, Nadia, Noa and Voxy, ...
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