KARIYA, Japan – Although the U.S. remains the undisputed leader in 4-wheel-drive (4WD) and all-wheel-drive (AWD) vehicle sales, Japan has moved to the forefront of the technology. Case in point: Toyoda Machine Works and its electronically controlled coupling. The company's "intelligent torque controlled coupling," or ITCC, went into production in 1998. To date, the device has been adopted for AWD versions of Toyota Motor Corp.'s Estima, Gaia, Ipsum, Nadia, Noa and Voxy, ...
Premium Content (PAID Subscription Required)
"Printer-friendly" is part of the paid WardsAuto Premium content. You must log in with Premium credentials in order to access this article. Premium paid subscribers also gain access to:
All of WardsAuto's reliable, in-depth industry reporting and analysis
Hundreds of downloadable data tables including:
• Global sales and production data by country
• U.S. model-line inventory data
• Engine and equipment installation rates
• WardsAuto's North America Plant by Platform forecast
• Product Cycle chart
• Interrelationships among major OEMs
•Medium- andheavy-duty truck volumes
•Historical data and much more!
For WardsAuto.com pricing and subscription information please contact
LisaWilliamson by email: email@example.com or phone: (248) 799-2642
Current subscribers, please login or CLICK for support information.