ZF Lenksysteme GmbH has developed a true “steer-by-wire” system that has recently been revealed to several automakers and is now at an oven-ready stage prior to manufacture. In its initial form, it incorporates a conventional hydraulic-power servo as a backup in case of electric failure, since existing safety legislation in most countries requires a direct mechanical link between the steering wheel and road wheels for vehicles driven more than 30 mph (48 kph). Although this increases the ...

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